A disc harrow is a type of agricultural implement or farm machinery used for tilling the soil. It consists of a series of large, circular discs mounted on a common shaft or frame. The discs are evenly spaced and angled to create a cutting or slicing action when pulled through the soil.

The primary purpose of a disc harrow is to break up and loosen the soil, incorporating crop residue and organic matter into the ground. It is commonly used to prepare the soil for planting by breaking up clumps, leveling the surface, and creating a seedbed. The rotating discs cut through weeds, crop stubble, and other debris, helping to bury them and promote decomposition.

Disc harrows are available in different sizes and configurations, depending on the specific requirements of the farming operation. They can range from small, single-row units pulled by tractors to larger, multi-row versions used in large-scale agriculture. Some disc harrows have adjustable disc angles and depth control mechanisms, allowing farmers to customize their tillage operations to suit different soil conditions.

Disc harrows are commonly used in conjunction with other tillage equipment, such as plows or cultivators, to achieve optimal soil preparation. They are especially useful for working in fields with heavy residue or compacted soil, as the rotating discs can effectively cut through tough material and break up soil clods.

Overall, disc harrows are versatile and efficient tools for soil preparation in agriculture, helping to create favorable conditions for seed germination, root growth, and crop development.